Free economic zones that can be transformed into clusters of highly competitive traded firms can contribute significantly to industrial diversification and regional development of the Kyrgyz Republic. This strategic framework outlines strategies and policies for leveraging them to enhance productivity and promote regional development.
The framework involves six pillars for integrating free economic zones and industrial parks: (i) using a
sustainable development program with a mix of bottom–up and top–down approaches; (ii) enhancing
the investment climate by ensuring the development of sound legal and regulatory frameworks, better
institutional designs, and coordination; (iii) using a proactive approach with global value chains and
upgrading along them by strengthening domestic capabilities; (iv) forming regional and cross-border value chains; (v) developing a sound implementation strategy; and (vi) establishing a sound monitoring and evaluation framework.