Transport-related Studies
Title and DescriptionVersionYearType
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Afghanistan Transport Sector Master Plan Update (2017-2036)
The updated Plan recommends several urgently needed actions to help Afghanistan deliver on its wider development goals. It is intended to guide the government and donors in allocating and programming future funds to increase the efficiency of Afghanistan’s transport system.
(ADB)
English
Mar 2017Briefs and notes
Taking the Safe Route
This publication shares lessons from ADB's experience in embedding HIV education during highway construction in the People's Republic of China.
(ADB)
English
Dec 2016Briefs and notes
Mongolia: Development Effectiveness Brief
ADB’s assistance has played an important role in transforming Mongolia into a middle-income economy, and ADB’s country strategy for Mongolia has evolved over the years to match the changing needs of the country.
(ADB)
English
Dec 2016Research and reports
Unlocking the Potential of Railways: A Railway Strategy for CAREC (2017–2030)
This publication provides a blueprint for the sound, long–term development of CAREC railways. It envisions rail transport to become a mode of choice for trade: quick, efficient, accessible for customers, and easy to use throughout the region.
(CAREC)
English
РУССКИЙ
Oct 2016CAREC Publications
Safely Connected: A Regional Road Safety Strategy for CAREC Countries (2017–2030)
At the 14th CAREC Ministerial Conference, held in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia on September 2015, ministers of CAREC member countries endorsed a joint commitment to road safety. The commitment proposed to take collective action to improve road safety in the region by adopting a 'safe systems' approach.
(CAREC)
English
РУССКИЙ
Oct 2016CAREC Publications
Growing Together: Almaty–Bishkek Corridor Investment Framework
This report discusses the strategic agenda for developing the Almaty–Bishkek Economic Corridor, as well as the comprehensive framework of investments needed encompassing policy reforms, regulatory coordination, physical infrastructure, capacity building, and institutional development.
(CAREC)
English
РУССКИЙ
Oct 2016CAREC Publications
CAREC Development Effectiveness Review 2015
This CAREC Program Development Effectiveness Review is the sixth annual consolidated picture of progress made by country and multilateral institution partners of CAREC toward economic development through regional cooperation. It measures the performance of CAREC projects and initiatives in transport, trade, and energy during 2015; highlights achievements; identifies areas for improvement; and proposes actions to meet emerging challenges and assist in strategic decision making.
(CAREC)
English
РУССКИЙ
Oct 2016CAREC Publications
CAREC 2020 Midterm Review
The purpose of the Mid-Term Review (MTR) is to review the relevance and responsiveness of CAREC 2020, including implementation performance, results achieved and the effectiveness of the CAREC institutions; to draw lessons from the experience gained in the first five years of the strategy; and to propose refinements and strategies moving forward.
(CAREC)
English
РУССКИЙ
Oct 2016CAREC Publications
CAREC Corridor Performance Measurement and Monitoring Annual Report 2015
This report is based on trip samples submitted by national transport associations from CAREC member countries that include performance metrics on cargo transport in the region. The data are then aggregated to show the relative performance of each CAREC corridor.
(CAREC)
English
Jul 2016CAREC Publications
Asian Development Bank and Afghanistan: Fact Sheet
ADB has approved loans for Afghanistan totaling almost $1 billion and grants amounting to $3.3 billion since 1966.
(ADB)
English
Apr 2016Brochures and flyers
Together We Deliver 2015: Partnerships against Poverty
Fourteen stories from across Asia and the Pacific highlight successful projects that demonstrate development impact, best practices, and innovation.
(ADB)
English
Apr 2016Books
CAREC Corridor Performance Measurement and Monitoring Annual Report 2014
This report is based on trip samples submitted by national transport associations from CAREC member countries that include performance metrics on cargo transport in the region. The data are then aggregated to show the relative performance of each CAREC corridor.
(CAREC)
English
Apr 2016CAREC Publications
Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Investment Forum 2015: Summary of Proceedings
Participants shared insights on making effective investments in Central Asia, as well as experiences and expectations on how to manage investments. The forum was held on 24 September 2015 in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.
(ADB)
English
Mar 2016Conference Proceedings
CAREC Development Effectiveness Review 2014
This brochure summarizes what CAREC achieved during 2014 and what its priorities are for 2015 and beyond. Total investments reached around $24.6 billion in 156 projects by the end of 2014.
(CAREC)
English
РУССКИЙ
Jan 2016CAREC Publications
From Landlocked to Linked In: The Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Program
This publication discusses the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Program as a partnership of 10 countries supported by six multilateral institutions. The program invests in regional infrastructure and initiatives to promote connectivity and trade, helping the mostly landlocked countries reach out to global markets. The deepening regional trade links are also opening up previously unexploited resources, including huge energy resources.
(ADB)
English
РУССКИЙ
Sep 2015CAREC Publications
Improving Energy Efficiency and Reducing Emissions through Intelligent Railway Station Buildings
This report aims to support the People’s Republic of China national carbon emission reduction plan in railway station buildings.
(ADB)
English
Sep 2015Research and reports
Asian Development Outlook 2015 Update: Enabling Women, Energizing Asia
This update highlights how realizing women’s equal rights and contributions to economic and political life can yield ample benefits.
(ADB)
English
Sep 2015Books
Reforming the Financing System for the Road Sector in the People’s Republic of China
Analyzes the implications of the reform on the operation and maintenance of ordinary roads and recommends the formation of a National Road and Funding Administration, responsible for the national road programs and policy.
(ADB)
English
Aug 2015Research and reports
Together We Deliver: From Knowledge and Partnerships to Results
Read how ADB, governments, people, and organizations work together to deliver sustained and inclusive results. This edition includes stories on ADB projects in People’s Republic of China, Pakistan, and Tajikistan, which are CAREC member countries.
(ADB)
English
Apr 2015Books
Climate Proofing ADB Investment in the Transport Sector: Initial Experience
Investments in the transport sector are among those most vulnerable to changes in climate variables. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has put in place a systematic framework guiding the conduct of climate risk and vulnerability assessments of investment projects.
(ADB)
English
Jan 2015Research and reports
Operationalizing Economic Corridors in Central Asia: A Case Study of the Almaty–Bishkek Corridor
This report builds on the long-term strategic framework of the CAREC Program to operationalize economic corridor development (ECD) in the Central Asia region. The study provides a detailed but preliminary exploration of a specific segment of CAREC Corridor 1—the Almaty–Bishkek Corridor—to assess its potential as a pilot for ECD, and outlines steps to be taken over the next 12 months to develop this corridor.
(CAREC)
English
РУССКИЙ
Nov 2014CAREC Publications
CAREC Development Effectiveness Review 2013: A Refined Perspective
This review measures the performance of CAREC projects and initiatives in transport, trade, and energy during 2013; highlights achievements; identifies areas for improvement; and proposes actions to meet emerging challenges and assist in strategic decision making.
(CAREC)
English
РУССКИЙ
Nov 2014CAREC Publications
CAREC Development Effectiveness Review (DEfR) 2013: A Refined Perspective
This DEfR is the fifth annual consolidated picture of progress made by country and multilateral institution partners of CAREC toward economic development through regional cooperation. This brochure provides a snapshot of the CAREC Program's progress in 2013.
(ADB)
English
РУССКИЙ
Oct 2014CAREC Publications
CAREC Corridor Performance Measurement and Monitoring: A Forward-Looking Retrospective
This report describes how CAREC corridor performance measurement and monitoring (CPMM) helps to achieve the objectives of the CAREC Transport and Trade Facilitation Strategy and its Implementation Action Plan.
(ADB)
English
РУССКИЙ
中文
Oct 2014CAREC Publications
CAREC Corridor Performance Measurement and Monitoring Annual Report 2013
Based on data submitted by national transport associations from CAREC member countries and using time-cost-distance methodology, the report focuses on measuring time and costs incurred in transporting various types of goods across Central Asia.
(ADB)
English
РУССКИЙ
Jun 2014CAREC Publications
The Eurasian Connection : Supply-Chain Efficiency along the Modern Silk Route through Central Asia
Explains how supply chain fragmentation remains a serious obstacle to economic development of Central Asia and provides a comprehensive assessment of the various factors that impede supply-chain integration, including weak transport and communications infrastructure.
(Rastogi, Cordula; Arvis, Jean-Francois / World Bank)
English
Jun 2014Research and reports
Together We Deliver: 10 Stories from ADB-Supported Projects with Clear Development Impacts
Highlights successful Asian Development Bank projects across Asia and the Pacific that demonstrated development impacts, best practice, and innovation. A recurring theme of the projects is the partnerships among developing member countries, ADB, other organizations, and individuals.
(ADB)
English
Apr 2014Books
Managing for Development Results: Rail Infrastructure Tariffs - Enabling Private Sector Development in Mongolia’s Railway Sector
Examines the system of tariffs in Mongolia for the use of railway infrastructure that is needed to enable liberalization of the freight market.
(ADB)
English
Mar 2014Research and reports
“At the Border” and “Behind the Border”: Integrated Trade Facilitation—Reforms and Implementation
Government officials and private sector representatives from CAREC countries and elsewhere exchanged information about new methods and technologies concerning border management, customs control, and trade facilitation. This report summarizes the knowledge they shared and gained.
(ADB)
English
РУССКИЙ
Mar 2014CAREC Publications
CAREC Transport and Trade Facilitation Strategy 2020
The Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Transport and Trade Facilitation Strategy (TTFS) was refined to account for changes in the CAREC Program since 2008, particularly expanded membership and the new strategic framework (CAREC 2020). The refined strategy also reflects lessons learned during the initial phase of implementation, aiming to more efficiently and comprehensively achieve the goals of establishing competitive corridors; facilitating the movement of goods and people through these corridors; and providing sustainable, safe, and user-friendly transport and trade networks.
(ADB)
English
РУССКИЙ
Feb 2014CAREC Publications
Unstoppable: The Hairatan to Mazar-e-Sharif Railway Project Performance-Based Operation and Maintenance Contract
The first railway project of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) in Afghanistan has established a northern trade route, which is vital to the country’s reconstruction. The project’s sustained operational achievement can be largely attributed to a new tool used by ADB: the performance-based operation and maintenance contract.
(ADB)
English
Feb 2014Others
CAREC in Tajikistan: Building a Global Future
Tajikistan is committed to expanding mutually beneficial economic cooperation with all countries and has actively participated in the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Program since 1998. CAREC seeks to boost the country’s prosperity by increasing access to trade and transport services and supporting the expansion of the energy sector.
(CAREC)
English
РУССКИЙ
Jan 2014CAREC Publications
Toward a Sustainability Appraisal Framework for Transport
The proposed Sustainable Transport Appraisal Rating (STAR) is a tool for assessing the sustainability of Asian Development Bank (ADB) transport projects and monitoring changes in the portfolio. It is intended to serve as a tool to design more sustainable transport projects and also developed as a contribution to the emerging common assessment framework of the eight multilateral development banks.
(ADB)
English
Jan 2014Working papers
CAREC Development Effectiveness Review 2012: Implementing CAREC 2020 – Vision and Action (Brochure)
A snapshot of the CAREC Program's progress in 2012.
(ADB)
English
РУССКИЙ
Oct 2013CAREC Publications
CAREC Development Effectiveness Review 2012: Implementing CAREC 2020 – Vision and Action
This CAREC DeFR is the fourth annual consolidated picture of progress made by country and multilateral institution partners of CAREC toward economic development through regional cooperation. It measures the performance of CAREC projects and initiatives in transport, trade, and energy during 2012; highlights achievements; identifies areas for improvement; and proposes actions to meet emerging challenges and assist in strategic decision making.
(ADB)
English
РУССКИЙ
Sep 2013CAREC Publications
CAREC Corridor Performance Measurement and Monitoring Annual Report 2012
The report provides valuable statistical data to evaluate freight flows and costs along the six CAREC transport corridors. Adopted in 2007 as part of CAREC’s Transport and Trade Facilitation Strategy, CPMM supports policy reforms to improve transport links and facilitate trade between CAREC member countries.
(CAREC)
English
РУССКИЙ
Aug 2013CAREC Publications
What is Economic Corridor Development and What Can It Achieve in Asia’s Subregions?
Contains case studies by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) indicating benchmarks on characteristics of economic corridors. Expounds on development and regional integration challenges along economic corridors and the dynamics of economic corridor development.
(ADB)
English
Jul 2013Working Papers
Performance-based Routine Maintenance of Rural Roads by Maintenance Groups: Manual for Maintenance Groups
This manual aims to assist maintenance groups in Yunnan Province, People’s Republic of China, in organizing and carrying out the routine maintenance of unpaved rural roads. It guides the maintenance groups at the operational level in the use of appropriate tools and techniques in their work and teaches group members technical and managerial skills for routine maintenance of rural roads.
(ADB)
English
Dec 2012Others
Performance-based Routine Maintenance of Rural Roads by Maintenance Groups: Guide for Communications Bureaus
This guide aims to assist communications bureaus in Yunnan Province, People’s Republic of China, in organizing and managing the routine maintenance of unpaved rural roads by maintenance groups. It describes the deterioration process of rural roads and the need for a proper system of routine maintenance to reduce costs and improve road conditions. It explains how to organize, train, and contract maintenance groups for routine maintenance of rural roads, based on the experience gained from the two pilot projects carried out in Dehong Prefecture.
(ADB)
English
Dec 2012Others
Transport Efficiency through Logistics Development: Policy Study
The report describes the state of transport and logistics development in the People’s Republic of China (PRC). Based on the results of the survey and analysis of best practices in different countries, the study makes various policy recommendations for strengthening the approach to the development of logistics in the PRC.
(ADB)
English
Oct 2012Research and reports
Kyrgyz Republic: Evolving Transition to a Market Economy (Country Assistance Program Evaluation)
This is an evaluation of the country strategies and programs of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) in support of the Kyrgyz Republic during 1994-2010. ADB programs helped to improve the country’s infrastructure, connectivity, governance, capacity to deliver public services, and ability to respond to natural disasters.
(ADB)
English
Aug 2012Research and reports
CAREC Corridor Performance Measurement and Monitoring Annual Report 2011
This report is based on trip samples submitted by national transport associations from CAREC member countries that include performance metrics on cargo transport in the region.
(CAREC)
English
РУССКИЙ
中文
Aug 2012CAREC Publications
Evaluating the Environment for Public-Private Partnerships in Asia-Pacific: The 2011 Infrascope
This document comprises a summary and analysis of a benchmark index and learning tool that assesses the capacity of countries in the Asia–Pacific region to carry out sustainable public–private infrastructure partnerships, as of June 2011. The study scores aspects of the regulatory and institutional frameworks, project experience and success, the investment climate, and the financial facilities in 11 developing countries (including CAREC member countries People's Republic of China, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, and Pakistan); in four benchmark countries (Australia, Japan, Republic of Korea, United Kingdom; and in India’s state of Gujarat.
(Economist Intelligence Unit / ADB)
English
May 2012Research and reports
CAREC 2020: A Strategic Framework for the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Program 2011–2020
CAREC 2020 provides the strategic framework for the Program’s next 10 years. It reflects the required enhancements in the Comprehensive Action Plan to move the Program toward its vision of Good Partners, Good Neighbors, and Good Prospects.
(CAREC)
English
РУССКИЙ
Feb 2012CAREC Publications
Handbook of Best Practices at Border Crossings - A Transport and Trade Facilitation Perspective
This reference document is a practical guide for government agencies and private sector bodies that operate border-crossing points. It aims to raise awareness of the range of instruments to develop and implement better trade, transport, border and customs policies. Drawing upon operational evidence and case studies, it offers best practices from both public and private perspectives. The publication primarily focuses on road border crossing points, but also touches on rail and sea crossings.
(OSCE and UNECE)
English
РУССКИЙ
Feb 2012Research and reports
Fast and Focused – Building China’s Railways
This note reports on how the People’s Republic of China was able to build an astonishing number of large and complex railway projects under its mid and long-term railway development plan. The paper argues that three factors dominate: the concentration of responsibility, power, and access to resources in one organization; strong technical capacity and processes; and a program effect that delivers economies of standardization and scale. Published in China Transport Topics No. 3.
(John Scales, Jitendra Sondhi, and Paul Amos / World Bank)
English
中文
Feb 2012Briefs and notes
Mongolia: Road Sector Development to 2016
This study looks into road sector’s financial dimension, the techniques and processes followed for road maintenance and construction, and the role of human resources management and education. It tries to understand why sector performance improvement has been slow. Reflecting on lessons from international experience, it outlines a range of policy options for decision makers and proposes an agenda until 2016.
(ADB)
English
Feb 2012Research and reports
Trade Corridor Management Toolkit: Overview
This toolkit is designed as a comprehensive and holistic tool to help improve the performance of trade and transport corridors. It will provide a menu-based reference for the Bank and other agencies involved in corridor‐based projects. Task managers and policy makers will be able to access in a single place, a suite of instruments to assess, improve and manage corridor performance
(Charles Kunaka, Robin Carruthers, Jonathan Stevens / World Bank)
English
Jan 2012Research and reports
Spending on Public Infrastructure: A Practitioner's Guide
This paper provides a methodological tool to support the collection and preparation of standardized, comprehensive data regarding public spending on infrastructure services that can be rigorously compared across countries. Infrastructure is defined to cover six sectors: irrigation, energy (primarily power), transport, communication, wastewater management, and water supply.
(Cecilia Briceno-Garmendia, Afua Sarkodie / World Bank)
English
Dec 2011Working papers
The New Silk Road: Ten Years of the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Program
This commemorative book celebrates 10 years of productive collaboration under the CAREC Program. Under the Program, member countries have made significant gains in regional transport, energy infrastructure, and trade facilitation and policy. The spirit of trust and confidence that has evolved through the years among good neighbors and good partners has led to better prospects for all.
(ADB)
English
Dec 2011CAREC Publications
Empowering Women through Rural Infrastructure
This publication describes the outcomes of a pilot project, Community-Based Rural Road Maintenance by Women Ethnic Minority Groups in Western Yunnan. The project sought to involve women and other vulnerable populations (including indigenous minorities) in rural road maintenance projects, both to undertake badly needed improvements in rural roads, and to create employment opportunities for them.
(ADB)
English
Nov 2011Research and reports
Moving Goods Faster and Better: Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Program’s Transport and Trade Facilitation in Tajikistan
The Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Program may not yet be a household name in Tajikistan, but this brochure shows how it has definitely made a difference. CAREC has helped build the highways that bring goods from producer to household and create opportunities to reap and enjoy the benefits of the country’s strategic location.
(ADB)
English
РУССКИЙ
Sep 2011Others
Guidelines for Climate Proofing Investments in the Transport Sector: Road Infrastructure Projects
This publication aims to present a step-by-step methodological approach to assist project teams incorporate climate change adaptation measures into transport sector (road infrastructure) investment projects.
(ADB)
English
Aug 2011Others
Community-based Routine Maintenance of Roads by Women's Groups: Guide for Communication Bureaus
This guide describes how to implement a system of community-based rural road maintenance involving groups of women, specifically in Yunnan Province, People's Republic of China. It is part of a pilot project which aims to show that women can effectively participate in the maintenance of rural roads and to create employment opportunities and incomes for women.
(ADB)
English
中文
Jul 2011Others
Community-based Routine Maintenance of Roads by Women's Groups: Manual for Maintenance Groups
This manual is aimed at women's maintenance groups responsible for the routine maintenance of rural roads. It details the different activities to be carried out by the maintenance groups to keep the road in good condition by preventing damage and carrying out minor repairs. It explains the planning and organization of the work, as well as how county communications bureaus responsible for these roads contract the groups.
(ADB)
English
中文
Jul 2011Others
Azerbaijan: A Cradle of Humanity Embraces Modernity
This development effectiveness brief features operations of the Asian Development Bank in Azerbaijan that reflect the Government of Azerbaijan’s priorities, including economic diversification beyond the oil sector. The Asian Development Bank’s work in Azerbaijan has focused on promoting inclusive economic growth, as well as supporting regional cooperation efforts.
(ADB)
English
Mar 2011Briefs and notes
Kazakhstan: On the Path to Higher Levels of Development
This development effectiveness brief summarizes the assistance that the Asian Development Bank (ADB) has provided to Kazakhstan. The ADB country partnership strategy for 2011–2014 will support Kazakhstan in going beyond its middle-income country status. ADB will promote inclusive economic growth and competitiveness through complementary public and private sector investments. Further, ADB will consolidate its resources to support synergized investments in energy, transport, finance, and the urban sectors.
(ADB)
English
Mar 2011Briefs and notes
Priority Directions for Uzbekistan to Engage in Transport Communications Development in Afghanistan: Challenges and Prospects
This brief explores optimal paths for economic cooperation between Afghanistan and Uzbekistan in the context of improving implementation of joint transport communication projects. The research also considers issues which may influence bilateral cooperation, such as (i) the military-political situation in the country and analysis of third-party geopolitical and geo-economic interests, (ii) the socioeconomic situation in Afghanistan and the main directions of the Uzbek–Afghan economic partnership, including problems and prospects of transport and transit cooperation between the two countries. (Russian only)
(Center for Economic Research)
РУССКИЙ
Feb 2011Briefs and notes
Uzbekistan: A Partnership for Growth
This development effectiveness brief highlights the partnership between the Asian Development Bank and Uzbekistan. The Asian Development Bank has supported Uzbekistan’s efforts toward environmentally sustainable rural development, private sector development, regional transport and transit, and human capital through improving access to water, education, and health services.
(ADB)
English
Feb 2011Briefs and notes
Connecting Landlocked Developing Countries to Markets
This book aims to help the policy maker and development community in general to understand the nature of the problems and policy dilemmas that landlocked countries face to trade with the rest of the world. An important breakthrough in the literature, this volume focuses on a new conceptual framework that challenges the previous paradigm of physical infrastructure and state-led access solutions, embodied in many treaties.
(Jean Francois Arvis, Robin Carruthers, Graham Smith, and Christopher Willoughby / World Bank)
English
Jan 2011Books
Infrastructure and Growth in Developing Asia
This paper presents the state of infrastructure in developing Asian countries. It applies two distinct approaches (growth regressions and growth accounting) to analyze the link between infrastructure, growth, and productivity. The main conclusion is that a number of countries in developing Asia have significantly improved their basic infrastructure endowments in the recent past, and this appears to correlate significantly to good growth performances.
(Stéphane Straub, Akiko Terada-Hagiwara / ADB)
English
Jan 2011Research and reports
Sustainable Transport Initiative: An Overview
This publication gives an overview of the Asian Development Bank’s (ADB) sustainable transport initiative (STI). Strategy 2020 is the ADB long-term strategic framework for 2008–2020. During this period, ADB lending and technical assistance operations in Asia and the Pacific will emphasize inclusive economic growth, environmentally sustainable growth, and regional integration. The STI operation plan provides details of how ADB will update its operations in the transport sector in line with Strategy 2020. ADB will focus on creating transport systems that are accessible, safe, affordable, and environment-friendly.
(ADB)
English
Jan 2011Others
Monitoring Road Works Contracts and Unit Costs for Enhanced Governance in Europe and Central Asia
The study establishes a framework for cross-country comparative assessments of the procurement and implementation processes of road works contracts financed by the World Bank. Some indicators used to capture the trends for each country include (i) difference between contract values and their engineer’s estimates; (ii) cost overruns; (iii) time overruns; (iv) bidding indicators for contracts with and without prequalification; (v) time elapsed between bid opening and contract signing dates; (vi) cost per kilometer of similar works; (vii) road works unit costs; and (viii) ratios between supervision contract values and the related road works contract values.
(Victoria Alexeeva, Cesar Queiroz, and Satoshi Ishihara / World Bank)
English
Jan 2011Working papers
Review of Maritime Transport 2010
This publication closely monitors developments affecting world seaborne trade, freight rates, ports, surface transport, and logistics services, as well as trends in ship ownership and control and fleet age, tonnage supply, and productivity. The Review contains a chapter on legal and regulatory developments and each year includes a chapter highlighting a different region. In 2010, the focus is on Asia and the Pacific.
(UNCTAD)
English
Dec 2010Books
Afghanistan: Modernizing Asia's Crossroads
This development effectiveness brief focuses on Asian Development Bank (ADB) assistance in Afghanistan. ADB has concentrated its loans and grants in energy, transport, irrigation, agriculture, governance, and finance. ADB has also used private sector support to help invigorate banking, and telecommunications.
(ADB)
English
Nov 2010Briefs and notes
Mongolia: A Partnership Against Poverty
This development effectiveness brief is about the strategy of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) in Mongolia that centers on policy and institutional reform, as well as building local capacity. ADB seeks to support inclusive social development through competitive, sustainable, and regionally integrated growth that is closely aligned with the country’s National Development Strategy. ADB plans to be particularly active in promoting good government policies.
(ADB)
English
Nov 2010Briefs and notes
Paths to 2015: MDG Priorities in Asia and the Pacific-Asia-Pacific MDG Report 2010/11
This report is Asia and the Pacific’s assessment of progress made in achieving the Millennium Development Goals in 2015. It examines likely outcomes on present trends, identifies some of the weakest areas of performance, and presents priorities for accelerated action in achieving the Millennium Development Goals. It focuses on three areas where increased and sustained policy attention is required: hunger and food security, health and basic services, and basic infrastructure—areas where many of the countries in the region appear to be facing significant challenges.
(ADB, ESCAP, UNDP)
English
Nov 2010Research and reports
Trends in National and Regional Investors Financing Crossborder Infrastructure Projects in Asia
This paper examines a range of cross-border infrastructure development issues relevant to Asian countries. It also states that, given the huge infrastructure investment needs of the region and insufficient government resources, the role of the private sector and public–private partnerships in enhancing infrastructure facilities in Asia is crucial.
(Prabir De, Muthi Samudram, Sanjeev Moholkar / ADB Institute)
English
Sep 2010Working papers
Estimating Demand for Infrastructure in Energy, Transport, Telecommunications, Water and Sanitation in Asia and the Pacific: 2010-2020
This paper estimates the need for infrastructure investment, including energy, transport, telecommunications, water, and sanitation during 2010–2020, to meet growing demand for services and facilitate further rapid growth in the region. The estimates show that developing countries in Asia require financing of $776 billion per year for national and regional infrastructure.
(Biswa Nath Bhattacharyay / ADB Institute)
English
Sep 2010Working papers
Appropriate Economic Space for Transnational Infrastructural Projects: Gateways, Multimodal Corridors, and Special Economic Zones
This paper addresses questions that arise in Asia when formulating, financing, implementing, and maintaining transnational linkages versus purely domestic connections. Issues include (i) how is optimal economic space to be defined as a useful starting point?; (ii) how can relevant criteria be developed to define the emerging spatial economy and identify efficient transnational transport networks?; and (iii) what are the main investment opportunities in physical infrastructure that would result in more efficient and effective regional cooperation and integration (making special reference to the potential role of cross-border special economic zones or their equivalents)?
(Peter J. Rimmer, Howard Dick / ADB Institute)
English
Aug 2010Working papers
Financing Asia’s Infrastructure: Modes of Development and Integration of Asian Financial Markets
This paper explores issues and challenges in financing infrastructure for seamless Asian infrastructure connectivity and for other high priority development financing needs. It also seeks methods and instruments to help direct Asian and international resources to cost-effectively and efficiently support infrastructure and other development needs.
(Biswa Bhattacharyay / ADB Institute)
English
Jul 2010Working papers
Critical Evaluation of Cross-Border Infrastructure Projects in Asia
This paper attempts to fill gaps faced by policy makers and practitioners in the evaluation of cross-border infrastructure projects. It first defines what constitutes cross-border infrastructure projects, and then outlines an analytical framework and criteria to evaluate them. It also reports on emerging impact patterns evidenced in relevant studies. The paper draws lessons and implications for design and implementation of cross-border infrastructure projects – among them are CAREC projects.
(Manabu Fujimura, Ramesh Adhikari / ADBI)
English
Jul 2010Working papers
The Benefits of Regional Infrastructure Investment in Asia: A Quantitative Exploration
Capitalizing on recent estimates of infrastructure financing requirements in Asia, this paper frames a scenario for infrastructure development in the region and estimates the external effects of infrastructure investment. It also assesses quantitatively the economy-wide welfare effects of developing regional infrastructure in Asia, using a global computable general equilibrium model.
(Fan Zhai / ADBI)
English
Jun 2010Working papers
ADB's Contribution to Inclusive Growth in Transport and Energy Projects
This paper proposes a methodology for assessing inclusive growth contributions of the Asian Development Bank in economic infrastructure projects. It applies the methodology to 8 energy and 10 transport projects of various subsectors and key activity areas.
(Stein Hansen / ADB)
English
Jun 2010Working papers
Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation: Good Neighbors, Good Partners, Good Prospects
This brochure gives an overview of the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Program. It briefly explains the program, its structure, its comprehensive action plan, the four priority sectors (transport, trade facilitation, trade policy, and energy), and its other initiatives.
(CAREC / ADB)
English
РУССКИЙ
中文
Apr 2010Others
Ancient Culture, Modern Economy: ADB Projects in Uzbekistan
This brochure focuses on Uzbekistan, one of the world's cradles of civilization and is home to rich ancient cultures and to the Silk Road, the ancient overland trade route connecting Asia and Europe. Since 1996, the Asian Development Bank-supported programs in the form of $1.29 billion in loans covering transport, energy, water and sanitation, education, and the finance sector have improved people's lives.
(ADB)
English
РУССКИЙ
Apr 2010Others
Central Asia Atlas of Natural Resources
The Atlas brings to readers a sense of the beauty and wealth in Central Asia, the issues its people face in using and conserving natural resources, and the efforts toward sustainable development. Consisting of Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, Central Asia is a vast land mass separating the countries of Eastern Europe and the Caucasus from East and South Asia.
(ADB)
English
Apr 2010Books
Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific 2009
The third edition of the revised Statistical Yearbook is an authoritative reference on the social, economic, and environmental development of Asia and the Pacific since 1990. Through more than 200 key internationally comparable indicators, it compares Asia and the Pacific with the world average and other regions, including Africa, Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean and North America. It includes 128 reader-friendly charts and descriptive texts on 30 development topics.
(UNESCAP)
English
Mar 2010Books
Reconnecting India and Central Asia: Emerging Security and Economic Dimensions
This volume presents an overview of the emerging and deepening relations between India and Central Asia in both the political and economic fields. The stability and security of Central Asia is of prime importance for India. India has been active mainly in infrastructure, trade, education, health, and technology in the region. Conversely, India’s increasing need for energy can be addressed by the energy-rich Central Asian countries, while improved transport networks could provide a boost to continental trade across the region.
(Nirmala Joshi (ed.) / Central Asia-Caucasus Institute & Silk Road Studies Program)
English
Mar 2010Research and reports
Optimisation of Central Asian and Eurasian Trans-Continental Land Transport Corridors
At present, there is an overlapping but inadequately coordinated combination of strategic trans-continental transport corridors or axes stretching across the Eurasian landmass, centered on or around Central Asia. There are three such initiatives—from the European Union, the People's Republic of China and the Asian Development Bank, and the Eurasian Economic Community. This paper reviews these several strategic transport maps and makes proposals for their coordination and rationalization.
(Michael Emerson, Evgeny Vinokurov / EU-Central Asia Monitoring)
English
Dec 2009Working papers
Impact of Trade Facilitation on Export Competitiveness: A Regional Perspective
This paper examines the definition and scope of trade facilitation; presents the concept of export competitiveness and relevant indices; discusses the role of trade facilitation in enhancing export competitiveness; identifies the major issues that developing countries in Asia should address in terms of trade facilitation to enhance export competitiveness; and provides policy recommendations.
(UNESCAP)
English
Dec 2009Research and reports
Confronting "Death on Wheels": Making Roads Safe in Europe and Central Asia
This report provides an overview of the challenges and opportunities in addressing road safety in Europe and Central Asia. It presents information on the size, characteristics, and causes of the problem; presents evidence on the effectiveness of measures that countries worldwide have adopted to improve road safety; briefly describes current international road safety policy; and discusses a range of strategies and actions that could be undertaken by the World Bank in coordination and partnership with the World Health Organization (WHO), multilateral development banks, other international agencies and donors, as well as with private and civil society institutions.
(World Bank)
English
Nov 2009Research and reports
Roads for Asian Integration: Measuring ADB’s Contribution to the Asian Highway Network
This paper identifies ADB-financed regional roads and other kinds of roads in ADB's portfolio, estimates ADB's contribution to the Asian Highway network, and develops a map where ADB’s contribution to regional road construction and infrastructure can be easily juxtaposed with the highway network. Regional highways have been a notable and growing part of ADB's road portfolio since the 1990s, particularly in ADB’s subregional programs such as the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) and Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) programs.
(Srinivasa Madhur, Ganeshan Wignaraja, Peter Darjes / ADB)
English
Nov 2009Working papers
Transport and Trade Logistics Development Strategies for CAREC: A Synopsis of Nine ADB Studies
This synopsis summarizes the results and recommendations of nine studies supported by the Asian Development Bank. It provides an overview of the CAREC region (geography, population, natural resources, economy, and international trade); surveys issues and challenges in trade (deficiencies and inefficiencies in physical infrastructure, unsupportive policies and procedures); and measures to develop more efficient and competitive transport and logistics sectors.
(ADB)
English
РУССКИЙ
中文
Oct 2009Research and reports
Azerbaijan: Trade Facilitation and Logistics Development Strategy Report
This report discusses the status and challenges of the transport and logistics sectors in Azerbaijan and recommends measures to strengthen these sectors. Efficient and cost-competitive transport and logistics sectors will help Azerbaijan to spur economic activity, engender social and political cohesion, and take full advantage of its geographical position to serve as a transit corridor between East and West.
(Andy Sze / ADB)
English
Oct 2009Research and reports
Kazakhstan: Trade Facilitation and Logistics Development Strategy Report
This report discusses the status and challenges of the transport and logistics sectors in Kazakhstan and recommends measures to strengthen these sectors. Efficient and cost-competitive transport and logistics sectors will help Kazakhstan spur economic activity.
(Max Ee Khong Kie, Saltanat Akhmet / ADB)
English
Oct 2009Research and reports
The Kyrgyz Republic: Trade Facilitation and Logistics Development Strategy Report
This report discusses the status and challenges of the transport and logistics sectors in the Kyrgyz Republic and recommends measures to strengthen these sectors.
(Oleg Samukhin, Esengeldy Toguzbaev / ADB)
English
Oct 2009Research and reports
Mongolia: Trade Facilitation and Logistics Development Strategy Report
This report discusses the status and challenges of the transport and logistics sectors in Mongolia and recommends measures to strengthen these sectors.
(Max Ee Khong Kie, Paige Lee Hwee Chen, Teo Puay Kim, Damdinjav Amarsaikhan, Dambiiyam Ochirbat / ADB)
English
Oct 2009Research and reports
Tajikistan: Trade Facilitation and Logistics Development Strategy Report
This report discusses the status and challenges of the transport and logistics sectors in Tajikistan and recommends measures to strengthen these sectors.
(Max Ee Khong Kie, Boymurod Eshonov / ADB)
English
Oct 2009Research and reports
Uzbekistan: Trade Facilitation and Logistics Development Strategy Report
This report discusses the status and challenges of the transport and logistics sectors in Uzbekistan and recommends measures to strengthen these sectors.
(Andy Sze / ADB)
English
Oct 2009Research and reports
Investment Guide to the Silk Road
This publication gives comprehensive introductory information about the investment climate and opportunities in the Silk Road region. Its primary goal is to encourage potential investors to explore in more detail their own ideas for possible regional investment projects.
(UNCTAD)
English
中文
Sep 2009Books
CAREC Transport and Trade Facilitation: Partnership for Prosperity
The publication presents the major elements of the strategy and the action plan, both of which support broad-based activities comprising competitive corridor development and management, trade facilitation, and sustainability enhancement by improving infrastructure, management, and technology, focusing on the six major corridors of the CAREC region.
(ADB)
English
РУССКИЙ
Aug 2009CAREC Publications
Infrastructure for a Seamless Asia
This study looks at regional infrastructure in Asia up to 2020 by presenting the major issues and challenges in developing regional infrastructure through the fostering of regional cooperation. It evaluates the existing infrastructure programs, policies, and institutions, and makes recommendations on how to develop and increase their effectiveness. It discusses both hard infrastructure (the long-term physical structures, equipment, and facilities, and the economic services they provide) and soft infrastructure (the policy, regulatory, and institutional frameworks that support the development and operation of physical infrastructure). (Executive Summary in Russian and Chinese)
(ADB and ADBI)
English
РУССКИЙ
中文
Aug 2009Research and reports
Aid for Trade in Asia and the Pacific: An Update
This report provides an update on the WTO Aid for Trade initiative in Asia and the Pacific since the first Global Aid for Trade Review in November 2007. It covers the global economic crisis and evolving Aid for Trade needs in the region; a discussion of recent activities, focusing on those involving ADB; and next steps. It has a section on projects under the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Program.
(ADB)
English
Jul 2009Research and reports
Restoring the Asian Silk Route: Toward an Integrated Asia
This paper argues that lack of full regional connectivity is one of the major constraints hindering regional growth and integration in Asia, as well as with the rest of the world. One of the conclusions of this paper is that Asia must strengthen its physical connectivity to make it a conduit for international trade through restoring Asian Silk Route.
(Biswa Bhattacharyay, Prabir De / ADB Institute)
English
Jun 2009Working papers
CAREC Institute Foundation Study: Transport and Trade Facilitation
This study presents a consolidated picture of development projects on the transport and trade facilitation sectors in the CAREC region between 2000 and 2008. It focuses on actions funded by development agencies active in the region, providing an opportunity for all parties to share information and experience about their work in the region, seek more effective ways of coordination, and explore options for further collaboration.
(Michael Heppell / CAREC Institute)
English
Jun 2009Research and reports
Toll Roads Corporatization Strategy: Toward Better Governance
This report draws on extensive review, examination, and international experience to explore five key areas that impact corporatization and privatization policy: the separation of owner and service provider functions, competition, value-for-money, contract clarity, and transparency. A strategy of corporatization and privatization to assist the People's Republic of China finance a $250 billion expansion of its national highway network.
(Xiaohong Yang and John Lee / ADB)
English
Apr 2009Research and reports
The EurAsEC Transport Corridors
This sector report provides an insight into the diverse problems associated with transit via the Eurasian Economic Community (EurAsEC), such as competition in the transit transportation industry and the structure of competitive advantage in sea and land freight transit, identification of cargoes which can be transported via the international transport corridors, and analysis and elimination of physical and non-physical barriers.
(Evgeny Vinokurov, Murat Jadraliyev, Yuri Shcherbanin / Eurasian Development Bank)
English
Mar 2009Research and reports
Infrastructure's Role in Lowering Asia's Trade Costs: Building for Trade
Infrastructure is shown to be a cost-effective means of lowering trade costs and thereby promoting regional growth and integration. This book combines thematic and country studies, while breaking new ground in quantifying infrastructure's impact on Asia's trade costs. It also contributes to a better understanding of the region's logistics challenges.
(Douglas Brooks, David Hummels (eds.) / ADB Institute)
English
2009Books
Eurasian Integration Yearbook 2009
This publication chronicles regional integration events in 2008. It features three papers on institutional integration and its relation to economic growth, a review of growing cooperation in the financial sector, and an overview of the activities of international and regional development banks in the region.
(Eurasian Development Bank)
English
2009Books
Linking Asia's Trade, Logistics, and Infrastructure
Infrastructure services play a vital role in facilitating Asia's export-led growth by keeping the prices of delivered goods in export markets competitive. This paper shows how Asia's trade patterns are characterized by a high degree of intraregional trade, particularly for geographically fragmented production networks. This is both in response to, and with implications for, further infrastructure development. The challenges of providing efficient logistical support rise as countries move into progressively more complex and higher-value manufacturing, and as production processes become increasingly fragmented.
(Douglas Brooks / ADB Institute)
English
Dec 2008Working papers
Asia's Infrastructure Challenges: Issues of Institutional Capacity
Strong infrastructure has often been cited as a major factor contributing to the Asian region's substantial growth over the past several decades, and an important competitive advantage over other developing regions. However, a decline in spending over the past 10 years has raised concerns that this infrastructure-derived competitive advantage is eroding. The paper suggests strong investment in infrastructure as well as focus on facilitation and training to support continuing efforts to achieve overall growth as well as poverty reduction.
(Susan Stone / ADB Institute)
English
Dec 2008Working papers
Regional Cooperation, Infrastructure, and Trade Costs in Asia
This study explores the nexus between Asia’s trade flows and patterns, trade costs and how they are influenced by infrastructure development, and the role of regional cooperation in facilitating trade’s contribution to economic integration. A virtuous circle between growth, infrastructure investment, trade expansion, and regional integration is elucidated.
(Douglas H. Brooks / ADB Institute)
English
Dec 2008Working papers
Caucasus Transport Corridor for Oil and Oil Products
This study evaluates the potential demand for transport of oil and oil products via the existing rail corridor in the Caucasus, taking into consideration the competition from alternative routes. It identifies potential bottlenecks that would prevent potential traffic from using the corridor and proposes solutions for physical and operational improvements to the corridor needed to attract potential traffic.
(World Bank)
English
Dec 2008Research and reports
Potential Economic Impact of CAREC Corridor 1b
This second issue of CAREC Notes presents detailed estimates for economic impacts of a large road corridor project in Kazakhstan. Using a forward-looking general equilibrium assessment model, the author estimates direct and indirect effects of this new transport infrastructure, including trade facilitation, transport cost reduction, and the effects of increased productivity in trade and transport services for sectors using these services intensively.
(David Roland-Holst / ADB)
English
РУССКИЙ
Nov 2008Briefs and notes
Improving Trade and Transport for Landlocked Developing Countries: World Bank contributions to implementing the Almaty Programme of Action
This report offers the World Bank's perspective on progress in implementing the Almaty Programme of Action. The report provides an update on the access of Landlocked Developing Countries to global markets highlighting new directions to reach the Almaty objectives.
(World Bank)
English
Oct 2008Working papers
Sociological Survey Report on CAREC Transport Corridor 1 (Bishkek-Torugart Road) Project
This survey report presents the results of sociological field research; interviews with interested key persons at oblast, rayon, and village levels; and public hearings with interested persons of design zone. It aims to find out attitudes of the population to Bishkek–Torugart road rehabilitation and their opinions and appraisals regarding implementation of the project.
(Raya Osmonalieva / ADB)
English
Sep 2008Research and reports
Design Review Report on CAREC Transport Corridor 1 (Bishkek-Torugart Road) project
This consultant's report reviews engineering designs prepared by the Ministry of Transport and Communications (MOTC), and assists the ADB missions in technical discussions with the MOTC and finalizing the improvement options of the project. It also reviews existing reports and feasibility studies, and field survey, including visual survey, soils investigation, axle load measurements, compliance of drawings to the real situation on site, etc.
(Almaz Turgunbaev / ADB)
English
Aug 2008Research and reports
Environmental Assessment Report on CAREC Transport Corridor 1 (Bishkek-Torugart Road) project
This initial environmental examination has been prepared for the Dolon Pass–Akbeit Pass section of the proposed Bishkek–Naryn–Torugart road. It describes the baseline environmental conditions, including physical, ecological and socioeconomic resources along the road; assesses environmental impacts of the intended road development; and provides remedial/mitigation measures.
(Ministry of Transport and Communications (Kyrgyz Republic) / ADB)
English
Jul 2008Research and reports
Infrastructure and Asia's Trade Costs
Infrastructure has played a key role in Asia's export-led rapid growth, but the details of that contribution are poorly understood even though infrastructure accounts for huge amounts of investment. This policy brief examines and quantifies the role of hard and soft infrastructure in reducing Asia's trade costs and thereby influencing trade flows and patterns.
(Douglas Brooks / ADB Institute)
English
Jun 2008Briefs and notes
The Determinants of Performance in Building Infrastructure in Transition Economies
This paper investigates how contract specificities affect the performance of municipal infrastructure projects in transportation, district heating, water, waste water and solid waste. Using data from EBRD-financed projects, the paper looks at the effect of involving private parties with different degrees of risk, and involving public parties other than the respective municipality.
(Gabriela Dobrescu, Guido Friebel, Pauline Grosjean, and Katrin Robeck / EBRD)
English
Jun 2008Working papers
Joint Study on Developing Euro-Asian Transport Linkages
The study identifies the main Euro-Asian inland transport routes and the prioritized 230 projects along these routes. It incorporates the development of a Geographic Information System database and maps.
(UNECE, UNESCAP / United Nations)
English
Feb 2008Research and reports
Investment and Technical Assistance Project Profiles
This paper provides the profiles of the investment and technical assistance projects in the six CAREC corridors. It serves as supplementary information to the Implementation Action Plan of the Transport and Trade Facilitation Strategy.
(CAREC / ADB)
English
РУССКИЙ
2008Others
Implementation Action Plan for the Transport and Trade Facilitation Strategy
The Implementation Action Plan, 2008–2017, supports the Transport and Trade Facilitation Strategy’s goal of strengthening the region’s competitiveness and expanding trade among CAREC economies and with the rest of the world. It focuses on the development of the six CAREC corridors identified in the strategy.
(CAREC / ADB)
English
РУССКИЙ
2008Others
Connections to Prosperity: Transport and Trade Facilitation in the CAREC Program
Central Asia rebuilds the ancient transport and trade routes that once connected Eurasia, the region is poised to recapture its place as a center of trade and commerce. Under the CAREC Program, a further $21 billion in investments will energize a new network of six transport and trade corridors that will connect the major economic centers of the region. This brochure highlights that in 2008-2012, major transport investments will focus on Corridors 1 and 2.
(CAREC / ADB)
English
РУССКИЙ
2008Others
Review of Maritime Transport 2007
This edition identifies the main developments in world maritime transport and provides relevant statistical data. It focuses on developments concerning maritime activities in developing countries as compared to other groups of countries. It also highlights the correlation between the development of global trade and maritime transport activities in general. Regional developments in Asia are the subject of this year’s special chapter.
(UNCTAD)
English
Dec 2007Books
Infrastructure and Regional Cooperation
Continuing Asia's extraordinary transformation will require increasing attention on regional connectivity and logistic systems. This paper focuses on the role of cross-border infrastructure in the process of regional integration in developing Asia. Given that most cross-border infrastructure projects are very complex, actions will need to be taken by various stakeholders in connecting Asia.
(Rita Nangia, Masahiro Kawai, Haruhiko Kuroda / ADB Institute)
English
Sep 2007Working papers
Landlockedness, Infrastructure and Trade: New Estimates for Central Asian Countries
This paper assesses the impact of internal infrastructure and landlockedness on Central Asian trade. The findings highlight the need to pursue a dual policy agenda: first, transit corridors should be managed as regional public goods; second, the Central Asian countries should diversify their transit corridors to prevent monopoly positions and bottleneck points such as trans-shipment platforms.
(Christopher Grigoriou / World Bank)
English
Aug 2007Working papers
Private Participation in Infrastructure in Europe and Central Asia—A Look at Recent Trends
This issue of Gridlines examines recent trends in private participation in infrastructure projects in Europe and Central Asia. In 2005, investment commitments to infrastructure projects, with private participation in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, reached $35 billion.
(Maria Vagliasindi, Ada Karina Izaguirre / Public–Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility)
English
Aug 2007Briefs and notes
The Cost of Being Landlocked: Logistics Cost and Supply Chain Reliability
A large proportion of the least developed countries are landlocked and their access to world markets depends on the availability of a trade corridor and transit systems. The paper theoretically and empirically highlights that landlocked economies are primarily affected not only by a high cost of freight services but also by the high degree of unpredictability in transportation time.
(Jean-Francois Arvis, Gael Raballand, Jean-Francois Marteau / World Bank)
English
Jun 2007Working papers
Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC): Good Neighbors, Good Partners, Good Prospects
This brochure explains the CAREC Program, its overall institutional framework, strategic action plans, and recent investments in the priority areas of transport, energy, trade facilitation, and trade policy.
(CAREC / ADB)
English
РУССКИЙ
Mar 2007Others
CAREC Regional Road Corridor Improvement Project
This project brief gives an overview of the regional road corridor improvement project that the CAREC Program would implement. This project aims to complete a 550-kilometer trade corridor linking the People's Republic of China (PRC) with the Kyrgyz Republic and Tajikistan.
(CAREC / ADB)
English
РУССКИЙ
2007Briefs and notes
Study on National Coordination Mechanisms for Trade and Transport Facilitation in the UNESCAP Region
This study provides (i) global and regional overviews of activities undertaken with regard to the national trade and transport facilitation coordination, and (ii) good practices in establishing new mechanisms and strengthening existing coordination mechanisms. It also proposes guidelines and recommendations for establishment or strengthening of national coordination mechanisms for trade and transport facilitation in the Asia-Pacific region.
(UNESCAP)
English
2007Research and reports
Road Infrastructure in Europe and Central Asia: Does Network Quality Affect Trade?
This paper shows that better roads are strongly associated with larger trade flows within the Eastern Europe and Central Asia region (ECA). Simulation results demonstrate that the benefits for ECA from upgrading its road network may well be greater than from tariff reforms or customs streamlining programs of comparable ambition.
(Ben Shepherd, John S. Wilson / World Bank)
English
Dec 2006Working papers
Best Practices in Management of International Trade Corridors
This report provides a comprehensive review of how transport corridors function, what institutional and operational structures are used to manage their performance, how that performance can be assessed and compared with that of other corridors, and what measures can be taken to improve corridor management and through that, corridor performance.
(John Arnold / World Bank)
English
Dec 2006Working papers
Briefing Note on Regional Cooperation Organizations
This note provides short descriptions of regional cooperation organizations involved in the formulation and implementation of an intergovernmental agreement on facilitation of international road transport.
(CAREC Secretariat / ADB)
English
РУССКИЙ
中文
Oct 2006Briefs and notes
Infrastructure in Europe and Central Asia Region: Approaches to Sustainable Services
This report presents an overview of the key developments in the energy and infrastructure sector of the countries in Europe and Central Asia region. It attempts to identify the critical factors for success in the provision of services of acceptable quality and reliability on a sustainable basis.
(World Bank)
English
Jun 2006Research and reports
TIR Customs Transit System: Experiences and Initiatives of CAREC Participating Countries
This paper provides an overview of the TIR (Transport Internationaux Routiers) Transit System and the experiences of CAREC countries that implement the system. It also supports the accession of the People's Republic of China to the TIR Convention.
(Jeffrey Liang, Dorothea Lazaro / ADB)
English
РУССКИЙ
Jan 2006Research and reports
The Transit Regime for Landlocked States: International Law and Development Perspectives
This study reviews the evolution of the regime of landlocked states, with special attention to the link between international law and development. The study provides a detailed historical account of the legal, and to some extent the political, relations of landlocked and transit countries and examines the difficulties all these countries have faced.
(Kishor Uprety / World Bank)
English
2006Books
Central Asia: Increasing Gains from Trade through Regional Cooperation in Trade Policy, Transport, and Customs Transit
This report seeks to show how Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan can increase the gains from participation in international trade through regional cooperation in trade policy, transport, and customs transit. It attempts to quantify costs of the lack of cooperation and potential benefits of improved regional cooperation in the three areas for the above countries.
(ADB)
English
2006Research and reports
Connecting Central Asia: A Road Map for Regional Cooperation
This report looks at (i) the current status of regional road and rail transport in Central Asia and how it is expected to change in the future, (ii) the appropriate objectives for developing regional transport, (iii) key regional transport issues, and (iv) possible options to resolve these issues. An action plan with investment needs is presented to reflect on the urgent priorities requiring attention in the region.
(Manmohan Parkash / ADB)
English
2006Research and reports
CAREC Transport and Trade Facilitation Strategy
The Transport and Trade Facilitation Strategy supports Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Program's goal of development through cooperation, leading to accelerated economic growth and poverty reduction by upgrading key transport corridors across the CAREC region. It also ensures efficient movement of goods along the corridors through targeted actions to simplify and harmonize the regulations that govern cross-border trade in the region.
(CAREC / ADB)
English
РУССКИЙ
2006Others
Tajikistan-Trade Diagnostic Study
This study examines how improvements in the internal and external trade regimes of Tajikistan and the transport and trade facilitation systems can contribute to sustaining rapid growth and attract foreign investment to win the race against the capital stock decline. Key recommendations are presented in a simple matrix format at the end of this summary for a quick overview.
(World Bank)
English
Dec 2005Research and reports
Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation: Harmonization and Simplification of Transport Agreements, Cross-Border Documents, and Transport Regulations
This report identifies divergences between CAREC country’s transport regulations dealing with vehicle emission requirements, axle load control, tariffs and road-user charges, traffic safety, and provision of transport services; and suggests steps toward harmonization and simplification of cross-border transport procedures, documentation and regulations.
(Michael Simms / ADB)
English
РУССКИЙ
中文
Oct 2005Research and reports
Central Asia's Transport Cost Burden and Its Impact on Trade
This paper, featured in Economic Systems 29(2005), examines the role of transport costs in causing the countries of Central Asia to generate far less trade with the European Union (EU) than their relative location would suggest. Border-crossing problems, low-traded volumes, and trade imbalance seem to be major explanations of the unexpected low trade level between Central Asia and the EU.
(Gael Raballand, Antoine Kunth, Richard Auty / Economic Systems 29 (2005) 6-31)
English
Feb 2005Journal articles
Regional Cooperation of the CIS7: Past Experience and Options for the Future
The paper aims to present a framework for the analysis of regional cooperation, which will allow for the analysis of the reasons behind limited effectiveness of the existing arrangements and the incentives to improve their implementation.
(Maryla Maliszewska / World Bank)
English
Jan 2005Working papers
Trade, Transport and Telecommunications in the South Caucasus: Current Obstacles to Regional Cooperation
This summary paper discusses six studies on current issues and future prospects for Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia (the South Caucasus region) for trade flows, trade facilitation, roads, railroads, telecommunications and tourism.
(World Bank)
English
РУССКИЙ
Jan 2005Working papers
Review of Maritime Transport 2004
This edition identifies the main developments in world maritime transport and provides relevant statistical data. It focuses on developments concerning maritime activities in developing countries compared to other groups of countries. It also highlights the correlation between the development of global trade and maritime transport activities in general. Regional developments in Asia are the subject of this year’s special chapter.
(UNCTAD)
English
Dec 2004Books
Cross-Border Transport Infrastructure, Regional Integration, and Development
This paper assesses current thinking from the economics literature on the potential benefits from cross-border infrastructure projects. The allocation of benefits between countries from these projects may be unequal and therefore poses challenges for their financing and implementation. The paper provides case studies from the Mekong and Central Asian regions and suggests directions for future research.
(Manabu Fujimura / ADB Institute)
English
Nov 2004Working papers
Central Asia: Reassessment of the Regional Transport Sector Strategy
This reassessment aims to prepare a draft strategy and a sector road map for Central Asia’s regional transport sector, which will be ADB’s basis for discussion and consultation with its member countries.
(Ian Jenkins, Paul Pezant / ADB)
English
Jan 2003Research and reports
Transportation Facilitation in Azerbaijan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan: Challenges and Opportunities
This paper analyzes the deficiencies of transportation systems, bilateral and multilateral transportation agreements, management and governance of transportation, and resources; and their effects on trade, and present remedial measures in the context of national, regional and international political, social, cultural, and economic objectives.
(Prianka N. Seneviratne / ADB)
English
Jan 2003Research and reports
Urban Transport in the Europe and Central Asia Region: World Bank Experience and Strategy
Urban roads and public transport services are essential for the daily lives of citizens and for the local economy, as cities grow larger and travel distances to work become too long for walking. This paper provides a common thematic basis for urban transport inputs in making country-specific World Bank assistance strategies, and thereafter, guides urban transport project and sector work for countries and cities in ECA, in line with adopted strategies.
(Slobodan Mitric / World Bank)
English
Dec 2002Research and reports
Cleaner Transport Fuels for Cleaner Air in Central Asia and the Caucasus
The World Bank undertook a regional study on cleaner transport fuels for urban quality improvement in the region, recognizing that fuel quality improvements should be linked to broader air quality management, to ensure cost-effectiveness, and in addressing these issues, it is therefore possible to build on economies of scale, avoid duplications, allow the transfer of experience, and facilitate intra-regional trade in petroleum products. This leads to this study's observations and recommendations.
(Joint UNDP/World Bank ESMAP)
English
Aug 2001Research and reports
Rebuilding the Silk Road—Encouraging Economic Cooperation in Central Asia: The Role of the Asian Development Bank
This brochure presents an overview of the opportunities of and challenges to economic cooperation in the Central Asia region and the Asian Development Bank's (ADB) regional program in support of this. It highlights the three priority areas of ADB's initiative, namely: energy, trade, and transport.
(ADB)
English
2001Others
Vehicle Fleet Characterization in Central Asia and the Caucasus
This report sums up the vehicle fleet analysis, covering Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. The analysis characterizes the current vehicle fleet, identifies the fuel requirements of the current vehicle technologies, and assesses current emissions standards for vehicles now in use.
(World Bank)
English
Jan 2000Research and reports
Challenges and Opportunities in Transportation: First Workshop on Economic Cooperation in Central Asia
This publication has discussions and background papers of the first workshop on economic cooperation which focused on the transport sector. It features transport status in CAREC participating countries and financing potentials of transport projects.
(David Jay Green (ed.) / ADB)
English
1999Books
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