CAREC Development Effectiveness Review Process
The results framework feeds directly into the CAREC Development Effectiveness Review (DEfR), an action-oriented document that seeks to flesh out the raw data of the results framework, analyze identified trends, and-most importantly-propose specific actions to address current or emerging issues.
Actions can relate equally to issues arising in operational activities, such as delays in implementation or financing gaps, or in strategic and institutional matters such as a misalignment of CAREC priorities with those of the CAREC country governments. The DEfR's analysis of trends seeks to alert CAREC partners to issues before they become crises: in short, the DEfR serves not only as a monitoring system, but as an early-warning system.
The DEfR presents a refined five-level results framework delineating the CAREC bodies involved in the program, what has been done (interventions), what has been delivered (outputs), how the beneficiaries have used the outputs (outcomes), and what all of these elements have contributed to the region (impacts).
CAREC Development Effectiveness Performance Summary
From 2001 to 2015, the CAREC Program implemented 166 investment projects worth $27.7 billion. These projects continue to connect CAREC countries and encourage economic activity throughout the region. Investments reached a cumulative total of $24.6 billion in 156 projects by the end of 2014.
In 2015, the multimodal corridor network continued to be developed with 13 transport subsector projects in progress, consisting of 2 ports, 2 logistics centers, 3 border-crossing points, and 6 related to civil aviation.
Through these projects, 809 kilometers (km) of expressways or national highways were built or improved, bringing the cumulative progress to 7,229 km, or 93% of the total 7,800 km corridor length targeted under refined CAREC Transport and Trade Facilitation Strategy 2020; 140 km of railways were improved; and 77% of the cumulative proportions of total CAREC road corridors were in good condition.
In trade facilitation, the average clearing time for border-crossing points (BCPs) shortened to 13.1 hours in 2015 from 14.1 hours in 2014. Border-crossing time for railways shortened from 32.6 hours to 27.4 hours on average.
In 2015, the CAREC Energy Sector Coordinating Committee undertook initiatives to align the strategies of the region's energy sector with global megatrends, reduction in renewable energy prices, and international commitments to take action on climate change.
Based on data received from Azerbaijan, Mongolia, and Uzbekistan, completed energy projects contributed to the long-term vision of the regional energy sector by delivering 923.1 km of installed or upgraded transmission lines, 136.3 megawatts of increased energy generation capacity, and 65 megawatts of rehabilitated generation capacity.
The Trade Policy Strategic Action Plan for 2013-2017 was expanded to cover accession to the World Trade Organization accession, tariff reduction and elimination of nontariff barriers, and trade in goods and services.
At least 8 CAREC member countries have eliminated or incorporated all import taxes and fees into tariffs, 6 reduced average tariffs to 10% or less, capped tariffs at 20%, eliminated or converted quantitative import restrictions into tariffs, and formally acknowledged the importance of the WTO sanitary and phytosanitary and technical barriers to trade agreements.
The Almaty-Bishkek Corridor Initiative (ABCI) has progressed since the memorandum of understanding was signed by both city administrations in November 2014. Two ABCI joint working group meetings were conducted in 2015. Topics discussed include development of special economic zones and industrial parks, and the use of information and communications technology.
The physical base of the CAREC Institute was inaugurated in March 2015 in Urumqi, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China, and a full management team was brought on board. The CAREC Institute provides knowledge support to CAREC member countries and sector coordinating committees as they build up capacity toward enhanced economic and trade cooperation in the region.
The DEfR proposes a set of actions to strengthen the implementation of all the components of the CAREC Program and to improve their effectiveness.
The 2015 CAREC DEfR is the seventh annual performance assessment of the overall CAREC Program. The DEfR process evaluates progress in all components of the program toward the objectives laid out in CAREC 2020: A Strategic Framework for the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Program 2011-2020.
[Extracted from CAREC Development Effectiveness Review 2015)