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Azerbaijan. Country Economic Memorandum: A New Silk Road - Export-led Diversification
This report lays out Azerbaijan's need to more vigorously pursue diversification aimed at reducing its dependence on oil revenue and ensuring sustainability of its hard-earned gains in poverty reduction. The country should also focus on attracting foreign know-how and strengthening market institutions.
(World Bank)
Dec 2009EconomyResearch and reports
The Crisis Hits Home: Stress-Testing Households in Europe and Central Asia
This study seeks to understand the key macroeconomic shocks confronted by Europe and Central Asia and their impact on household welfare. Among these shocks are (i) the global growth slowdown leading to falling export market, (ii) financial deleveraging by major banks and other financial institutions in developed economies, and (iii) the recent commodity price changes. The study also assesses possible strategies to cope with the crisis and manage the adverse social impact.
(Erwin R. Tiongson, Naotaka Sugawara, Victor Sulla, Ashley Taylor, Anna I. Gueorguieva, Victoria Levin, Kalanidhi Subbarao / World Bank)
Dec 2009Economy, PovertyResearch and reports
Globalization of Production and the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in Asia and the Pacific: Trends and Prospects
This paper seeks to provide policy-oriented recommendations and practical initiatives that would be useful in the globalization of production and competitiveness of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). These include (i) implementing a number of focused improvements to the (external) business enabling environments for SMEs, with particular emphasis on logistics systems; (ii) carrying out multiple efforts to improve the sophistication of (internal) operations and business strategies of SMEs; (iii) developing and supporting more enterprise “clusters;’” and (iv) pursuing a number of subregional cooperative actions.
(Trade and Investment Division / UNESCAP)
Dec 2009Economy, Private Sector, Regional CooperationResearch and reports
Impact of Trade Facilitation on Export Competitiveness: A Regional Perspective
This paper examines the definition and scope of trade facilitation; presents the concept of export competitiveness and relevant indices; discusses the role of trade facilitation in enhancing export competitiveness; identifies the major issues that developing countries in Asia should address in terms of trade facilitation to enhance export competitiveness; and provides policy recommendations.
(UNESCAP)
Dec 2009Transport, Trade FacilitationResearch and reports
Transition and Development (Dec 2009) | РУССКИЙ
This issue is devoted to "Twenty years of transition and human development," marking the 20th anniversary of the end of communism and of UNDP’s first Human Development Report. It discusses the economic crisis that could push at least 50 million more people living in Eastern Europe and Central Asia into poverty during the next 3-4 years, and the lasting and adverse effects of the crisis for disadvantaged regions and social groups. It also covers other development issues, including the Copenhagen meeting on climate change.
(UNDP and London School of Economics and Political Science)
Dec 2009EconomyOthers
Optimisation of Central Asian and Eurasian Trans-Continental Land Transport Corridors
At present, there is an overlapping but inadequately coordinated combination of strategic trans-continental transport corridors or axes stretching across the Eurasian landmass, centered on or around Central Asia. There are three such initiatives—from the European Union, the People's Republic of China and the Asian Development Bank, and the Eurasian Economic Community. This paper reviews these several strategic transport maps and makes proposals for their coordination and rationalization.
(Michael Emerson, Evgeny Vinokurov / EU-Central Asia Monitoring)
Dec 2009Transport, Regional CooperationWorking papers
Final Report on Issyk-Kul Sustainable Development Project, Kyrgyz Republic
This final report on Issyk-Kul Sustainable Development Project is presented in eight volumes. It covers the city-level infrastructure plan (volume 1), the environmental impacts associated with the proposed project (volume 2), the institutional plan (volume 3), the financial plan (volume 4), the strategic environmental management plan for the Issyk-Kul biosphere (volume 5), the various stakeholder consultation documents and findings (volume 6), the design criteria for each aspect of the project (volume 7), and the results of the social surveys and consultations (volume 8).
(Nippon Koei Co., Ltd. and RAM Engineering Services / ADB)
Dec 2009OthersResearch and reports
How Russia Affects the Neighborhood: Trade, Financial, and Remittance Channels
This paper tests the extent to which growth in the 11 countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) was associated with developments in the Russian Federation, overall, as well as through the trade, financial, and remittance channels over the last decade or so. The results point to the continued existence of economic links between the CIS countries and the Russian Federation, although these links may have altered since the 1998 crisis.
(Fahad Alturki, Jaime Espinosa-Bowen, Nadeem Ilahi / IMF)
Dec 2009Regional Cooperation, EconomyWorking papers
Business Process Analysis Guide to Simplify Trade Procedures | РУССКИЙ
This publication provides a simple methodology to elicit, document, and analyze the existing business processes involved in international trade, as well as aid in developing recommendations for further improvement. It intends to serve policy makers and practitioners from government agencies or the private sector involved in the harmonization and simplification of international trade procedures, alignment of data requirements with the international standard, and implementation of single window.
(UNESCAP)
Dec 2009Trade Facilitation, Private SectorBooks
Turmoil at Twenty : Recession, Recovery, and Reform in Central and Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union
This book analyses how transition countries in Europe and Central Asia fell into recession and crisis, why not all of them were equally affected, and whether different policies could have positioned them better to face the crisis. It also examines rescue and stabilization efforts and the role of international collective action; policies for recovery by restructuring bank, corporate, and household debt, and scaling up social safety nets.
(Pradeep Mitra, Marcelo Selowsky, Juan Zalduendo / World Bank)
Nov 2009EconomyBooks
Conclude Doha: It Matters!
The Doha Round must be concluded not because it will produce dramatic liberalization but because it will create greater security of market access. Its conclusion would strengthen, symbolically and substantively, the World Trade Organization’s valuable role in restraining protectionism in the current downturn. Concluding Doha would create space for multilateral cooperation on critical policy matters that lie outside the Doha Agenda, most urgently the trade policy implications of climate change mitigation.
(Bernard Hoekman, Will Martin, Aaditya Mattoo / World Bank)
Nov 2009Trade PolicyResearch and reports
Confronting "Death on Wheels": Making Roads Safe in Europe and Central Asia
This report provides an overview of the challenges and opportunities in addressing road safety in Europe and Central Asia. It presents information on the size, characteristics, and causes of the problem; presents evidence on the effectiveness of measures that countries worldwide have adopted to improve road safety; briefly describes current international road safety policy; and discusses a range of strategies and actions that could be undertaken by the World Bank in coordination and partnership with the World Health Organization (WHO), multilateral development banks, other international agencies and donors, as well as with private and civil society institutions.
(World Bank)
Nov 2009TransportResearch and reports
The EU Strategy for Central Asia says 'Security': Does this include Security Sector Reform?
This policy brief assesses in what aspects of Security Sector Reform the European Union (EU) is engaged in with Central Asia and in what context these possible activities should be viewed. It focuses on direct engagement on security topics such as the EU's Border Management Programme for Central Asia (BOMCA). It also offers recommendations on how to strengthen EU–Central Asia security cooperation.
(Jos Boonstra / EU-Central Asia Monitoring)
Nov 2009OthersBriefs and notes
Beyond the Border Management Programme for Central Asia (BOMCA)
This policy brief outlines BOMCA's mission and development. It also discusses the program's achievements and limitations, and provides recommendations designed to bolster the European Union's border management assistance.
(George Gavrilis / EU-Central Asia Monitoring)
Nov 2009OthersBriefs and notes
Roads for Asian Integration: Measuring ADB’s Contribution to the Asian Highway Network
This paper identifies ADB-financed regional roads and other kinds of roads in ADB's portfolio, estimates ADB's contribution to the Asian Highway network, and develops a map where ADB’s contribution to regional road construction and infrastructure can be easily juxtaposed with the highway network. Regional highways have been a notable and growing part of ADB's road portfolio since the 1990s, particularly in ADB’s subregional programs such as the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) and Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) programs.
(Srinivasa Madhur, Ganeshan Wignaraja, Peter Darjes / ADB)
Nov 2009TransportWorking papers
Transition Report 2009: Transition in Crisis? | РУССКИЙ
Twenty years after the fall of communism, the global financial crisis has put the transition region to an unprecedented test. Many countries are suffering severe recessions. This report focuses on the challenges posed by the crisis: both for the countries directly, and for the economic strategies they have followed since the decline of communism.
(EBRD)
Nov 2009EconomyResearch and reports
Designing and Implementing Trade Facilitation in Asia and the Pacific
This reference book aims to support the implementation of trade facilitation measures and reforms in Asia and the Pacific. It attempts to bridge the gaps among policy makers, practitioners, and economists by outlining operational guidance on how to assess the status of trade facilitation, what measures and reforms are necessary, and how to implement them at national and regional levels.
(ADB, UNESCAP)
Nov 2009Trade FacilitationBooks
Case Study on Aid Effectiveness in Tajikistan
This case study presents Tajikistan's perspective of, experiences with, and challenges to foreign aid. The objective of the study is to raise awareness about different dimensions of aid fragmentation, volatility and associated costs to help define the way to better coordinate official development assistance and private aid flows in Tajikistan.
(Rustam Aminjanov, Matin Kholmatov, Firuz Kataev / Wolfensohn Center for Development)
Oct 2009EconomyWorking papers
Energy Outlook for Asia and the Pacific
The publication aims to estimate, for each of the regional members of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the future demand for energy, supply options to 2030 for a business-as-usual scenario, investment requirements for meeting this demand, and the resulting CO2 emissions potential associated with increasing energy demand.
(ADB)
Oct 2009EnergyResearch and reports
Energy Statistics in Asia and the Pacific (1990-2006)
The publication attempts to consolidate energy statistics of the 48 ADB regional members in Asia and the Pacific. It provides insights on the recent energy situation of the region and provides information for stakeholders inside and outside the region to chart their future course of action in planning for energy investment, inclusive and sustainable development and poverty alleviation.
(ADB)
Oct 2009EnergyResearch and reports
Energy is Life: Bringing Power to Afghanistan
The publication reports on ADB's assistance to Afghanistan to strengthen the North East Power System and bring power to Kabul along a newly constructed transmission line from neighboring Uzbekistan. For the first time in more than a generation, the majority of the capital's 4 million people can now enjoy the benefits of power.
(ADB)
Oct 2009EnergyResearch and reports
Transport and Trade Logistics Development Strategies for CAREC: A Synopsis of Nine ADB Studies | РУССКИЙ | 中文
This synopsis summarizes the results and recommendations of nine studies supported by the Asian Development Bank. It provides an overview of the CAREC region (geography, population, natural resources, economy, and international trade); surveys issues and challenges in trade (deficiencies and inefficiencies in physical infrastructure, unsupportive policies and procedures); and measures to develop more efficient and competitive transport and logistics sectors.
(ADB)
Oct 2009Transport, Trade FacilitationResearch and reports
Azerbaijan: Trade Facilitation and Logistics Development Strategy Report
This report discusses the status and challenges of the transport and logistics sectors in Azerbaijan and recommends measures to strengthen these sectors. Efficient and cost-competitive transport and logistics sectors will help Azerbaijan to spur economic activity, engender social and political cohesion, and take full advantage of its geographical position to serve as a transit corridor between East and West.
(Andy Sze / ADB)
Oct 2009Transport, Trade FacilitationResearch and reports
Kazakhstan: Trade Facilitation and Logistics Development Strategy Report
This report discusses the status and challenges of the transport and logistics sectors in Kazakhstan and recommends measures to strengthen these sectors. Efficient and cost-competitive transport and logistics sectors will help Kazakhstan spur economic activity.
(Max Ee Khong Kie, Saltanat Akhmet / ADB)
Oct 2009Transport, Trade FacilitationResearch and reports
The Kyrgyz Republic: Trade Facilitation and Logistics Development Strategy Report
This report discusses the status and challenges of the transport and logistics sectors in the Kyrgyz Republic and recommends measures to strengthen these sectors.
(Oleg Samukhin, Esengeldy Toguzbaev / ADB)
Oct 2009Transport, Trade FacilitationResearch and reports
Mongolia: Trade Facilitation and Logistics Development Strategy Report
This report discusses the status and challenges of the transport and logistics sectors in Mongolia and recommends measures to strengthen these sectors.
(Max Ee Khong Kie, Paige Lee Hwee Chen, Teo Puay Kim, Damdinjav Amarsaikhan, Dambiiyam Ochirbat / ADB)
Oct 2009Transport, Trade FacilitationResearch and reports
Tajikistan: Trade Facilitation and Logistics Development Strategy Report
This report discusses the status and challenges of the transport and logistics sectors in Tajikistan and recommends measures to strengthen these sectors.
(Max Ee Khong Kie, Boymurod Eshonov / ADB)
Oct 2009Transport, Trade FacilitationResearch and reports
Uzbekistan: Trade Facilitation and Logistics Development Strategy Report
This report discusses the status and challenges of the transport and logistics sectors in Uzbekistan and recommends measures to strengthen these sectors.
(Andy Sze / ADB)
Oct 2009Transport, Trade FacilitationResearch and reports
Regional Economic Outlook: Middle East and Central Asia (October 2009) | РУССКИЙ
The Outlook recognizes that the global economic crisis has taken a toll on the Middle East and Central Asia, but appropriate policy responses have helped mitigate the impact. Countries should continue to support domestic demand to lessen the impact of the crisis and focus on debt sustainability. For low-income countries, higher donor support will be needed to maintain economic development. Across the region, governments should further strengthen financial systems and sustain momentum on structural reforms. (Chapter 3 and Appendix in Russian)
(Middle East and Central Asia Department / IMF)
Oct 2009Economy, FinanceBooks
World Economic Outlook 2009: Sustaining the Recovery | РУССКИЙ
The Outlook sees global economic growth has turned positive but the recovery is expected to be slow. The key policy requirements remain to restore financial sector health while maintaining supportive macroeconomic policies until the recovery is on a firm footing. Policy makers, however, need to begin preparing for an orderly unwinding of extraordinary levels of public intervention. (Executive Summary in Russian)
(IMF)
Oct 2009Economy, FinanceBooks
Technical Assistance on Awareness and Prevention on HIV/AIDS and Human Trafficking - Final Report
This final report focuses on the awareness and prevention of the HIV/AIDS and human trafficking project implemented in Domogovi and Govisumber aimags in Mongolia. It discusses the project's structure, implementation strategy, intervention components, outcomes, sustainability, learned lessons, and recommendations.
(ADB)
Oct 2009OthersResearch and reports
World Development Report 2010: Development and Climate Change
This report recommends that advanced countries, which produced most of the greenhouse gas emissions of the past, must act to shape the world's climate future. If developed countries act now, a "climate-smart" world is feasible, and the costs for getting there will be high but still manageable. A key way to do this is by ramping up funding for mitigation in developing countries, where most future growth in emissions will occur.
(World Bank)
Sep 2009Economy, PovertyBooks
Doing Business 2010: Reforming through Difficult Times
This report records 287 reforms between June 2008 and May 2009, up 20% from the previous year. It says that Eastern Europe and Central Asia led all regions in the pace of these reforms. The region's 26 of 27 economies reformed regulations to create more opportunity for domestic firms.
(IFC, World Bank / World Bank)
Sep 2009Economy, Finance, Private SectorResearch and reports
Investment Guide to the Silk Road | 中文
This publication gives comprehensive introductory information about the investment climate and opportunities in the Silk Road region. Its primary goal is to encourage potential investors to explore in more detail their own ideas for possible regional investment projects.
(UNCTAD)
Sep 2009Regional Cooperation, Transport, Trade Facilitation, Energy, Private SectorBooks
Asian Development Outlook 2009 Update: Broadening Openness of a Resilient Asia
The Update sees that developing Asia is proving to be more resilient to the global economic slowdown than was expected when the 2009 Outlook was published in March. The region's growth is somewhat stronger for both this year and next than was earlier forecast. The economic expansion for 2009 is projected to come in at 3.9%, up slightly from the March forecast of 3.4%; and the growth projection for 2010 is likewise upgraded to 6.4% from 6.0% in March.
(ADB)
Sep 2009EconomyBooks
CAREC Transport and Trade Facilitation: Partnership for Prosperity | РУССКИЙ
The publication presents the major elements of the strategy and the action plan, both of which support broad-based activities comprising competitive corridor development and management, trade facilitation, and sustainability enhancement by improving infrastructure, management, and technology, focusing on the six major corridors of the CAREC region.
(ADB)
Aug 2009Transport, Trade FacilitationCAREC Publications
Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2009: Enterprises in Asia: Fostering Dynamism in SMEs
This publication is the flagship annual statistical data book of the Asian Development Bank. It presents the latest available economic, financial, social, environmental, and Millennium Development Goal indicators for regional members. The special chapter—Enterprises in Asia: Fostering Dynamism in SMEs—looks at the impact of the current global economic crisis on small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and discusses how to foster greater dynamism in SMEs once the crisis has played out.
(ADB)
Aug 2009Economy, Regional CooperationBooks
Infrastructure for a Seamless Asia | РУССКИЙ | 中文
This study looks at regional infrastructure in Asia up to 2020 by presenting the major issues and challenges in developing regional infrastructure through the fostering of regional cooperation. It evaluates the existing infrastructure programs, policies, and institutions, and makes recommendations on how to develop and increase their effectiveness. It discusses both hard infrastructure (the long-term physical structures, equipment, and facilities, and the economic services they provide) and soft infrastructure (the policy, regulatory, and institutional frameworks that support the development and operation of physical infrastructure). (Executive Summary in Russian and Chinese)
(ADB and ADBI)
Aug 2009Transport, Regional CooperationResearch and reports
World Trade Report 2009 – Trade Policy Commitments and Contingency Measures
This edition examines the range of contingency measures available in trade agreements and the role that these measures play. Allowing governments a certain degree of flexibility within their trade commitments, these measures can be used to address circumstances that could not have been foreseen when a trade commitment was made. Contingency measures seek to strike a balance between commitments and flexibility.
(World Trade Organization)
Jul 2009Trade PolicyResearch and reports
The Effects of the Financial Crisis on Public-Private Partnerships
The paper investigates the impact of the global financial crisis on public-private partnerships (PPPs) and the circumstances under which providing support to new and existing projects is justified. Based on country evidence, cost of and access to finance are found to be the main channels of transmission of the financial crisis, affecting in particular pipeline PPP projects.
(Philippe Burger, Justin Tyson, I. Karpowicz, Maria Delgado Coelho / IMF)
Jul 2009Private Sector, FinanceWorking papers
Aid for Trade in Asia and the Pacific: An Update
This report provides an update on the WTO Aid for Trade initiative in Asia and the Pacific since the first Global Aid for Trade Review in November 2007. It covers the global economic crisis and evolving Aid for Trade needs in the region; a discussion of recent activities, focusing on those involving ADB; and next steps. It has a section on projects under the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Program.
(ADB)
Jul 2009Transport, Trade Facilitation, Regional CooperationResearch and reports
The EU and Central Asia: Commercialising the Energy Relationship
This paper aims to review the European Union's current energy needs and establish the role that Central Asia might play in helping to meet them. Central Asia will be an important component of the southern corridor project, which consists of two gas pipeline projects. The focus of interaction will be on gas and on Turkmenistan, as a supplementary supplier to the projected Nabucco pipeline. Such a project will increase the commercial and geopolitical options, and presumably the market power, of Central Asian exporters themselves.
(Michael Denison / EU-Central Asia Monitoring)
Jul 2009EnergyWorking papers
Competition Provisions in Regional Trade Agreements: Lessons for [the People's Republic of] China
This policy note reviews the international experience with competition provisions in regional trade agreements. It draws some possible lessons for the People's Republic of China as it pursues its regional trade strategy.
(World Bank)
Jun 2009Trade PolicyBriefs and notes
Environmental Provisions in Regional Trade Agreements: Lessons for [the People's Republic of] China
This policy note identifies the main contours of the trade and environment debate in the context of regional trade agreements. With People's Republic of China’s high reliance on trade, it may be increasingly in its interest to proactively engage its partners on environmental issues in its regional trade agreement negotiations.
(World Bank)
Jun 2009Trade PolicyBriefs and notes
Labor Mobility Provisions in Regional Trade Agreements: Lessons for [the People's Republic of] China
This policy note sees regional trade agreements as a promising avenue to address cross-border labor mobility. Developing countries such as the People's Republic of China, which want to expand openness to include semi-skilled workers, may find broader regional trade agreement provisions are of interest.
(World Bank)
Jun 2009Trade PolicyBriefs and notes
Restoring the Asian Silk Route: Toward an Integrated Asia
This paper argues that lack of full regional connectivity is one of the major constraints hindering regional growth and integration in Asia, as well as with the rest of the world. One of the conclusions of this paper is that Asia must strengthen its physical connectivity to make it a conduit for international trade through restoring Asian Silk Route.
(Biswa Bhattacharyay, Prabir De / ADB Institute)
Jun 2009Transport, Trade Facilitation, Regional CooperationWorking papers
Adapting to Climate Change in Europe and Central Asia
This report presents an overview of what adaptation to climate change might mean for Europe and Central Asia. It discusses emerging best practice adaptation planning around the world and a review of the latest climate projections. The report then discusses possible actions to improve resilience organized around impacts on natural resources (water, biodiversity, and the coastal environment), health, the “unbuilt” environment (agriculture and forestry), and the built environment (infrastructure and housing).
(Marianne Fay, Rachel Block, Tim Carrington, Jane Ebinger / World Bank)
Jun 2009OthersResearch and reports
CAREC Institute Foundation Study: Transport and Trade Facilitation
This study presents a consolidated picture of development projects on the transport and trade facilitation sectors in the CAREC region between 2000 and 2008. It focuses on actions funded by development agencies active in the region, providing an opportunity for all parties to share information and experience about their work in the region, seek more effective ways of coordination, and explore options for further collaboration.
(Michael Heppell / CAREC Institute)
Jun 2009Regional Cooperation, Transport, Trade FacilitationResearch and reports
Business and Trade Relationships Between the EU and Central Asia
This paper seeks to assess the state of trade relations between the European Union (EU) and Central Asia (with the exception of energy), the diversity of economic interests of each of the EU member states and of the different EU regions, and industries in which European companies are already well-established. The EU’s commercial involvement in Central Asia enables it to further European goals in the region.
(Sébastien Peyrouse / EU-Central Asia Monitoring)
Jun 2009Economy, Regional CooperationWorking papers
Bazaars and Trade Integration in CAREC Countries | РУССКИЙ
This report examines the role of bazaars in Central Asia. It finds that bazaars (i) are large business associations with infrastructure facilitating both domestic and international trade; (ii) play a major role in regional and national chains of production and distribution; (iii) contribute to lower costs of trade and prices of goods, higher trade volumes, and improved welfare; (iv) contribute to poverty alleviation; and (v) are a source of very significant positive externalities, such as creating opportunities to develop logistic and marketing skills.
(World Bank)
May 2009Trade PolicyResearch and reports
Deepening Integration in Border Regions within CAREC: The Asiaregio | РУССКИЙ
This paper finds strong demand at the local level in Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, and Tajikistan for deeper cooperation, but significant differences in policy approaches to economic development and foreign trade among countries. Based on the experience with the Euroregios, the paper noted the importance of broadening cross-border arrangements beyond trade.
(World Bank)
May 2009Trade PolicyResearch and reports
Regional Economic Outlook: Middle East and Central Asia (May 2009) | РУССКИЙ
The global crisis is now affecting the countries in the Middle East and Central Asia, and economic and financial vulnerabilities are rising. The report notes that countries should prepare for the contingency of a prolonged global slowdown by supporting domestic demand for a longer period and strengthening financial systems further. (Executive Summary in Russian)
(Middle East and Central Asia Department / IMF)
May 2009Economy, FinanceBooks
The Asian "Noodle Bowl": Is It Serious for Business?
The paper provides new evidence from surveys of East Asian firms suggesting that the Asian noodle bowl of multiple overlapping free trade agreement (FTAs) does not seem to have severely harmed the region's business activity to date. However, as more currently under negotiation FTAs take effect and the complexity of the Asian noodle bowl increases, the business impact is likely to intensify. Implementation of key policies and closer public-private sector cooperation can help mitigate negative effects and facilitate a more small and medium enterprise inclusive business response to FTAs.
(Masahiro Kawai, Ganeshan Wignaraja / ADB Institute)
Apr 2009Trade Policy, Private SectorWorking papers
The Global Economic Crisis: Challenges for Developing Asia and ADB's Response
This paper provides a brief overview of the evolving economic crisis in developing Asia and the Asian Development Bank's (ADB) response. Its sections discuss the main drivers of the crisis in the region and the major impacts on ADB's developing member countries (DMCs), the region's crisis response including actions and reforms already initiated by DMCs, the important policy issues the crisis has raised for developing Asia and summarizes the reforms DMCs should undertake to respond in the short run and to strengthen their resilience to external shocks in the longer term, and ADB's plan to help its DMCs restore sustained growth and social progress.
(ADB)
Apr 2009EconomyResearch and reports
Toll Roads Corporatization Strategy: Toward Better Governance
This report draws on extensive review, examination, and international experience to explore five key areas that impact corporatization and privatization policy: the separation of owner and service provider functions, competition, value-for-money, contract clarity, and transparency. A strategy of corporatization and privatization to assist the People's Republic of China finance a $250 billion expansion of its national highway network.
(Xiaohong Yang and John Lee / ADB)
Apr 2009TransportResearch and reports
Global Determinants of Stress and Risk in Public-Private Partnerships (PPP) in Infrastructure
This study aims to estimate the factors that account for the greatest level of stress in infrastructure projects with public-private partnerships, explain and analyze the severity of risks based on their observed impact on project outcomes, determine which countries offer the safest and riskiest medium- to long-run environments for PPP investments, among others.
(Renato E. Reside, Jr. / ADB Institute)
Mar 2009Private SectorWorking papers
Asian Development Outlook 2009: Rebalancing Asia's Growth
This is the 21st edition of the annual comprehensive economic report on the developing member economies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB). It recommends the rebalancing of economies to endure global downturn.
(ADB)
Mar 2009EconomyBooks
The EurAsEC Transport Corridors
This sector report provides an insight into the diverse problems associated with transit via the Eurasian Economic Community (EurAsEC), such as competition in the transit transportation industry and the structure of competitive advantage in sea and land freight transit, identification of cargoes which can be transported via the international transport corridors, and analysis and elimination of physical and non-physical barriers.
(Evgeny Vinokurov, Murat Jadraliyev, Yuri Shcherbanin / Eurasian Development Bank)
Mar 2009Transport, Regional Cooperation, Trade FacilitationResearch and reports
Development of Small-Scale Non-Hydro Off-Grid Renewable Energy Systems in Tajikistan
The study describes the context of renewable energy and the available technologies in Tajikistan. The report also discusses the organizational dynamics between the main players in the field. The recommendations are based on interviews with stakeholders of the renewable energy market, such as energy experts, businesspeople, and representatives of international organizations.
(Bogdan Prokopovych / University of Rhode Island)
Mar 2009EnergyResearch and reports
Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific 2009
This survey - Addressing Triple threats to Development - analyzes how the financial, food/fuel, and climate change challenges have affected Asia and the Pacific and considers ways of addressing them. The convergence of the crises presents an opportunity for the region to reorient economic growth toward a long-term development path that is more inclusive and sustainable. Economies will be able to tackle these challenges best by bolstering national policy actions with key concerted region cooperation initiatives that in turn can serve as building blocks of a more inclusive multilateral system.
(UNESCAP)
Mar 2009Economy, Regional CooperationBooks
Eurasian Energy Security
This policy brief, Council Special Report No. 43, illustrates the need for a coherent European energy policy and argues that the ongoing financial crisis provides a unique opportunity to tackle the issue. At the same time, it recognizes that European dependence on Russian energy will be a reality well into the future and that Europe can increase its energy security only by working with - not against - the Russian Federation.
(Jeffrey Mankoff / Council on Foreign Relations)
Feb 2009EnergyBriefs and notes
Lessons for Central Asia: Experience with Regional Economic Cooperation | РУССКИЙ
This third issue of CAREC Notes surveys the experience with regional organizations in developing countries and draws lessons which can be helpful for Central Asia, and specifically for the participants in CAREC. It concludes that regional cooperation underpinned by effective regional organizations is possible and brings considerable benefits to the CAREC participants.
(Johannes F. Linn, Oksana Pidufala / ADB)
Feb 2009Regional CooperationBriefs and notes
Chinese Investment in the Transition Economies
This paper examines the pattern and magnitude of [the People's Republic of] China's outward foreign direct investment (FDI) to the EBRD's countries of operations. Recent trends of PRC's outward FDI, with sector and geographical distributions, are analyzed, and the implications for the transition countries are assessed.
(Yevgeniya Korniyenko and Toshiaki Sakatsume / EBRD)
Feb 2009EconomyWorking papers
Central Asia Regional Risk Assessment
The report discusses ways by which the governments of Central Asia can prepare for, and manage, the compound threats to water, energy and food security.
(UNDP)
Jan 2009EnergyResearch and reports
Understanding and Responding to Climate Change in Developing Asia
To better align ADB's investments and associated policy and institutional support with the priorities of its developing member countries relating to climate and development, the five regional departments has drafted a Climate Change Implementation Plan to mitigate greenhouse emissions and to adapt to climate change impacts. This report summarizes the recommendations of the regional plans and outlines ongoing and planned interventions to help build low-carbon, climate resilient economies in Asia and the Pacific.
(ADB)
2009OthersResearch and reports
Infrastructure's Role in Lowering Asia's Trade Costs: Building for Trade
Infrastructure is shown to be a cost-effective means of lowering trade costs and thereby promoting regional growth and integration. This book combines thematic and country studies, while breaking new ground in quantifying infrastructure's impact on Asia's trade costs. It also contributes to a better understanding of the region's logistics challenges.
(Douglas Brooks, David Hummels (eds.) / ADB Institute)
2009Transport, Trade FacilitationBooks
Central Asia and Caucasus Disaster Risk Management Initiative (CAC DRMI): Risk assessment for Central Asia and Caucasus | РУССКИЙ
This desk review presents an initiative to reduce Central Asia and the Caucasus' (CAC) vulnerability to the risk of disasters. It analyses disaster risks at the country, subregional and regional levels. It also analyses transboundary disaster risks and their effects; projected losses in the absence of mitigation measures; and climate change assessment, hazard risk management status of CAC countries, regional and international initiatives, population growth and migration patterns, economic and physical developments, and urban expansion and rural development.
(World Bank, UNISDR, CAREC)
2009OthersResearch and reports
Mitigating the Adverse Financial Effects of Natural Hazards on the Economies of Central Asia | РУССКИЙ
This study comprises a review of government post-disaster safety nets as well as those provided by the private insurance market in Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. It aims to assess the extent to which the existing intracountry government-funded social safety nets and the private insurance industry can cope with the adverse financial effects of disasters caused by the impact of natural hazards on the regional economy.
(World Bank, UNISDR, CAREC)
2009OthersResearch and reports
Eurasian Integration Yearbook 2009
This publication chronicles regional integration events in 2008. It features three papers on institutional integration and its relation to economic growth, a review of growing cooperation in the financial sector, and an overview of the activities of international and regional development banks in the region.
(Eurasian Development Bank)
2009Regional Cooperation, Transport, Trade Facilitation, EconomyBooks
Challenges and Opportunities for Trade and Financial Integration in Asia and the Pacific
This book explores various aspects of trade and financial integration in Asia and the Pacific, the reasons for the lack of it, and potential benefits of strengthening such integration. The book focuses on the exploration of challenges and opportunities that exist in intra-regional trade in goods, integration in services trade, availability of trade finance, as well as inflows of portfolio investments.
(UNESCAP)
2009Regional Cooperation, Trade FacilitationBooks
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